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Expansion Era Minor League All-Star Rosters – Orioles

Founded on my research for the “Minors vs Majors” chapter in my book, “Hardball Retroactive” paired with complementary articles “Minors vs. Majors: The Top Minor League Batters in the Expansion Era” and “Minors vs. Majors: The Top Minor League Pitchers in the Expansion Era“, the ensuing series will reveal the Minor League All-Star rosters for every MLB franchise based primarily on single-season statistics in Runs Created / 140 Games (batters) and Fielding Independent Pitching (pitchers).

Selection Criteria

  • individual seasons in the Expansion Era (1961 – 2017)
  • levels A through AAA
  • ages 24 or younger (A and A+)
  • age 25 seasons (AA and AAA)
  • age 26 seasons (AAA)

 

Terminology

 

RC – Runs Created – using the basic formula devised by Bill James:

((H + BB) * TB) / (AB + BB)

Note: I utilized the basic formula as opposed to the Technical Version due to incomplete GIDP and IBB data.

RC/140 – Runs Created per 140 Games as Minor League ballplayers

RC / (G / 140)

FIP – Fielding Independent Pitching – “Fielding Independent Pitching converts a pitcher’s three true outcomes into an earned run average-like number. The formula is (13*HR+3*(HBP+BB)-2*K)/IP, plus a constant (usually around 3.2) to put it on the same scale as earned run average.

FIP is a component ERA inspired by the work of Voros McCracken on defense-independent pitching statistics, but has become more widely used because of the ease of computation – it requires only four easily-found box score stats, uses only basic arithmetic operations and has four easily-memorized constants. It was conceived of by both Tom Tango and Clay Dreslough, the latter of who called it Defense-Independent Component ERA.” (definition courtesy of Baseball Prospectus Glossary).

((13*HR+3*(HBP+BB)-2*K)/IP)+3.2)

 

Assessment

 

The Baltimore Orioles 

Mike Reinbach, the Orioles #1 selection in the 1970 January Draft-Secondary Phase, enjoyed a stellar 1972 season and paces “Charm City” with a 144.1 RC/140 during the expansion era. Playing primarily for Asheville (AA), Reinbach slashed .348 / .458 / .628 while tallying 31 round-trippers, 113 ribbies and 128 runs. Receiving merely 20 at-bats in a “cup of coffee” for Baltimore in ’74 and unable to crack an outfield that featured Don Baylor, Paul Blair and Ken Singleton, Reinbach headed to Japan where he batted .296 with 94 home runs for Hanshin (NPB).  Bobby Grich (#1, 1967) accrued 70.9 WAR over 17 MLB seasons with the O’s and the Angels. The six-time All-Star middle infielder captured four consecutive Gold Glove awards (1973-76) subsequent to scoring 124 runs, launching 32 long balls and compiling a .336 BA with a .632 SLG for Rochester (AAA) in 1971. Dave May (.303/25/93) topped the American League with 295 total bases and merited his lone All-Star invitation as a center fielder for the Brewers in 1973, nearly a decade after dashing through the Midwest League (A) with 111 tallies, 36 stolen bases and a .368 BA. Matt Wieters (#1, 2007), four-time All-Star backstop as a member of the Orioles, supplied a .355 / .454 / .600 slash line while splitting the 2008 season between Frederick (A+) and Bowie (AA). Merv Rettenmund compiled a .320 BA with Baltimore in 1970-71 and logged 13 years in the big leagues following a first-rate campaign with the Rochester Red Wings (AAA) three years prior encompassing a .331 BA with 22 jacks and 104 runs scored. Jim Fuller appeared in 107 games through parts of three seasons with Baltimore and Houston in the mid-Seventies after averaging 35 four-baggers and 108 ribbies as an Orioles farmhand from 1971 to 1973.

The offensive proficiency of Don “Groove” Baylor, 1979 AL MVP, was on full display with Rochester (AAA) in ‘70 when he totaled 71 extra-base hits, 127 runs and 107 ribbies to complement a .327 BA. Al Bumbry (.337/7/34) secured 1973 AL Rookie of the Year honors after producing virtually identical totals (.345/10/57) in the upper minors during the previous campaign. Trey Mancini swatted 24 big-flies and delivered a .293 BA to finish third in the 2017 AL Rookie of the Year voting subsequent to furnishing a .341 BA with 43 two-baggers and 21 jacks as a member of the Frederick Keys (A+) and the Bowie Baysox (AA) two years earlier. Rich Dauer (.336/11/78 for Rochester ’76) and David Dellucci (.327/20/55 for Bowie ’97) savored a decade in the big leagues during their respective careers.

John Maine started three games in the 2006 postseason for the New York Mets and triumphed in 15 contests during the following campaign. Traded in January 2006 with Jorge Julio in return for Kris Benson, Maine posted a lowest single-season FIP (2.04) among Orioles farmhands with at least 100 innings pitched in the Expansion Era while fashioning a 0.882 WHIP along with 11.4 SO/9 between Delmarva (A) and Frederick (A+). Preceding a February 2008 deal to the Mariners in exchange for five players (including future star center fielder Adam Jones), Erik Bedard carved up the Carolina League with 130 strikeouts in 96.1 innings while supplying a 9-2 mark with a 2.15 ERA in 17 starts in ’01. Armando Benitez notched 20+ saves in seven successive seasons (1998-2004) five years after mowing down 15 batters per nine innings through the low minors. Mychal Givens accrued 16 relief victories along with a 2.93 ERA over two seasons (2016-17). A convert to mound work after three years as an infielder led to mediocre results, Givens earned a promotion to Baltimore with 15 saves, a 1.73 ERA and 12.5 SO/9 at Bowie (AA) in 2015. 2011 first-rounder Dylan Bundy instantly captivated fans and front office members with a 9-3 record and a 2.08 ERA through 23 starts as an Orioles farmhand in 2012. Bundy rebounded from a series of injuries to amass 13 wins with a 1.198 WHIP in 2017.

Starting Lineup Age Year Teams Levels POS RC140 BA HR RBI OBP SLG
Dave May* 20 1964 APP A CF 129.1 0.368 14 74 0.456 0.554
Bobby Grich 22 1971 ROC AAA SS 139.5 0.336 32 83 0.439 0.632
Mike Reinbach* 22 1972 AVL,ROC AA,AAA DH 144.1 0.348 31 113 0.458 0.628
Jim Fuller 20 1971 MIA A LF 127.5 0.326 33 110 0.438 0.611
Matt Wieters# 22 2008 FDK,BOW A+,AA C 128.8 0.355 27 91 0.454 0.600
Merv Rettenmund 25 1968 ROC AAA RF 127.6 0.331 22 59 0.459 0.588
Jim Rouse* 23 1963 ABD A 1B 122.7 0.332 27 80 0.427 0.571
Leo Gomez 21 1987 HGR A 3B 118.1 0.326 19 110 0.435 0.539
Bob Johnson 25 1961 ROC AAA 2B 115.2 0.332 16 65 0.393 0.548
Bench Age Year Teams Levels POS RC140 BA HR RBI OBP SLG
Don Baylor 21 1970 ROC AAA OF 122.7 0.327 22 107 0.429 0.583
Jim Traber* 22 1984 CHR,HGR AA,A 1B 122.6 0.354 18 85 0.424 0.549
Roger Freed 24 1970 ROC AAA OF 122.2 0.334 24 130 0.427 0.561
Austin Hays 21 2017 FDK,BOW A+,AA OF 121.8 0.329 32 95 0.365 0.593
Al Bumbry* 25 1972 ROC,AVL AAA,AA OF 120.4 0.345 10 57 0.398 0.527
David Dellucci* 23 1997 BOW AA OF 120.1 0.327 20 55 0.421 0.574
Luis Jimenez* 25 2007 BOW AA 1B 118.8 0.328 22 79 0.399 0.591
Calvin Pickering* 21 1998 BOW AA 1B 118.1 0.309 31 114 0.434 0.566
Chris Padget* 23 1986 CHR AA 1B 118.1 0.324 22 96 0.419 0.542
William O’Connor* 21 1972 LOD,AVL A,AA OF 118 0.341 18 69 0.442 0.590
Yermin Mercedes 23 2016 DEL,FDK A,A+ C- 118 0.345 20 77 0.404 0.570
Sherman Obando 24 1994 ROC AAA OF 117.5 0.330 20 69 0.379 0.603
Trey Mancini 23 2015 BOW,FDK AA,A+ 1B 116.6 0.341 21 89 0.375 0.563
Mike Fiore* 20 1965 TRI A 1B 116.2 0.320 24 106 0.471 0.541
Rich Dauer 23 1976 ROC AAA 2B 99.6 0.336 11 78 0.391 0.460

 

Starters Age Year Teams Levels FIP WLSV ERA WHIP BB9 SO9
John Maine 22 2003 DEL,FDK A,A+ 2.04 13-4 2.28 0.882 2.3 11.4
John Stephens 19 1999 DEL A 2.22 10-8 3.23 1.082 1.9 11.5
Erik Bedard* 21 2000 DEL A 2.29 9-4 3.57 1.198 2.8 10.6
Jimmy Haynes 19 1992 KNC A 2.44 7-11 2.56 1.222 2.8 8.8
Ed Barnowski 20 1964 STK A 2.44 13-8 1.95 1.086 4.5 13
Relievers Age Year Teams Levels FIP WLSV ERA WHIP BB9 SO9
Armando Benitez 20 1993 ABY,FDK A,A+ 1.36 18 1.34 0.910 3.1 15
Jake Bray 24 2017 DEL A 1.44 18 3.88 1.255 2.5 14.5
Mychal Givens 25 2015 BOW AA 1.66 15 1.73 0.946 2.5 12.5
Todd Stephan 24 1990 FDK A+ 1.96 17 1.32 0.963 3.5 11.2
Larry Shenk 24 1993 ABY A 1.97 9 2.11 0.798 1.2 10.7
Bench Age Year Teams Levels FIP WLSV ERA WHIP BB9 SO9
Brandon Erbe 18 2006 DEL A 2.46 5-9 3.23 1.182 3.7 10.5
Scott Klingenbeck 22 1993 FDK A+ 2.55 13-4 2.98 1.338 2.3 9.5
Dylan Bundy 19 2012 FDK,DEL,BOW A+,A,AA 2.55 9-3 2.09 0.921 2.4 10.4
Ryan Meisinger 22 2016 FDK,DEL A+,A 2.04 5 1.58 1.065 2.5 11.4
Chris Britton 22 2005 FDK A+ 2.14 6 1.61 0.895 2.6 12.7
Gabe Molina 22 1997 DEL A 2.17 7 2.18 1.000 3.2 11.8

 

Honorable Mention

Dealt to the White Sox in a six-player trade in January 1963 for Luis Aparicio and Al Smith, Pete Ward (.295/22/84) placed runner-up for AL Rookie of the Year honors in the same season. The corner infielder / outfielder laced 34 two-baggers and launched 22 moon-shots while manufacturing a .328 BA for Rochester (AAA) in ’62. Eight-time Gold Glove centerfielder Paul “Motormouth” Blair nabbed 60 bags, scored 126 runs and hit .324 with the Stockton Ports (A) in his age-19 season (1963). Boog Powell (.297/35/114) seized the 1970 AL MVP award following a runner-up finish in the previous campaign. Powell received a cup of coffee with the O’s in ’61 after slugging .593 with 32 long-distance dedications for Rochester (AAA). Cal Ripken Jr. aka “Iron Man”, two-time AL MVP and 1982 AL Rookie of the Year, averaged 30 doubles and 24 dingers in the upper minors (1980-81). Mike Young ascended three levels in ’81 on the strength of a .331 BA, 35 two-base knocks and 40 stolen bases. Arthur Rhodes yielded an ERA of 2.70 and whiffed 9.7 batters per nine innings for the Hagerstown Suns (AA) in ’91, then proceeded to register two decades of Major League service.

Batter Age Year Teams Levels POS RC140 BA HR RBI OBP SLG
Matthew Tyner 22 1981 HGR A 3B 114.9 0.301 31 77 0.384 0.598
Curt Motton 26 1967 ROC AAA OF 114.8 0.323 18 70 0.435 0.558
Mike Young# 21 1981 CHR,MIA,ROC AA,A,AAA OF 113.8 0.331 15 79 0.421 0.522
Ken Gerhart 22 1983 HGR A OF 112.2 0.273 31 86 0.384 0.549
Harry Berrios 22 1994 FDK,ABY,BOW A+,A,AA OF 111.6 0.342 19 106 0.429 0.519
Paul Blair 19 1963 STK A OF 110.2 0.324 16 77 0.400 0.506
Boog Powell* 19 1961 ROC AAA 1B 110.1 0.321 32 92 0.389 0.593
Pete Ward* 24 1962 ROC AAA OF 110.1 0.328 22 90 0.411 0.534
Cal Ripken 20 1981 ROC AAA 3B 109.7 0.288 23 75 0.383 0.535
Jason Fransz 24 2005 DEL A 1B 108.6 0.308 22 111 0.372 0.563

 

Pitcher Age Year Teams Levels FIP WLSV ERA WHIP BB9 SO9
Randy Perez* 20 2000 DEL A 2.60 10-9 3.56 1.169 1.9 7.2
Arthur Rhodes* 21 1991 HGR AA 2.61 7-4 2.71 1.130 4 9.7
Robert Patrylo 20 1967 MIA,ELM A,AA 2.63 10-7 1.43 1.061 3.6 8.8
Del Hill 24 1964 STK A 2.20 6-2 2.33 0.954 2.9 11.7
Jim Hoey 23 2006 DEL,FDK,BOW A,A+,AA 2.22 33 2.29 1.115 3.2 12.9
Rommie Lewis* 19 2002 DEL A 2.23 25 2.15 0.986 2.5 9.8

 

References and Resources

Baseball-Reference

Bill James Baseball Abstract

Seamheads – Baseball Gauge

About the Author

I am a New Jersey native with a passion for baseball, statistics, computers and video games who enjoys spending quality time with his family.

Hardball Retroactive”, published in June 2018, is available in paperback and digital (Kindle) format at Amazon.com along with digital eBook format at GooglePlay.com. 

“Hardball Retrospective” is available in digital format on Amazon, Barnes and Noble, GooglePlay, iTunes and KoboBooks. The paperback edition is available on Amazon, Barnes and Noble and CreateSpace. Supplemental Statistics, Charts and Graphs along with a discussion forum are offered at TuataraSoftware.com.

Don Daglow (Intellivision World Series Major League Baseball, Earl Weaver Baseball, Tony LaRussa Baseball) contributed the foreword for Hardball Retrospective. The foreword and preview of my book are accessible here.

“Hardball Retrospective – Addendum 2014 to 2016” supplements my research for Hardball Retrospective, providing retroactive standings based on Wins Above Replacement (WAR) and Win Shares (WS) for each “original” team over the past three seasons (2014-2016). Team totals from 2010 – 2013 are included for reference purposes. “Addendum” is available in paperback and digital formats through Amazon, Barnes and Noble and CreateSpace.

 

Tagged:
I am a New Jersey native with a passion for baseball, statistics, computers and video games who enjoys spending quality time with his family. Visit my Amazon author page to check out my books, promotional videos, and post a review if you're a Hardball Retro fan! https://www.amazon.com/author/derekbain https://play.google.com/store/books/author?id=Derek+Bain

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